20/12/2016

Past Participle - bem resumidinho!



past participle faz parte de alguns tempos verbais como opresent perfect e o past perfect
Exemplos com o present perfect

1) I have been too busy lately. (Tenho andado muito ocupada ultimamente.)

2) He has made excellent progress at this job. (Ele progrediu bastante no trabalho.)/(Ele tem progredido...)

3) She has understood all the details about the plan. (Ela entendeu todos os detalhes do plano.)

Como deu para notar, às vezes traduzimos o present perfect como um passado simples (exemplos 2 e 3). O importante é lembrar que nãoespecificamos o tempo exato em que a ação aconteceu, por isto usamos opresent perfect. Para ações com tempo específico, usamos o simple past
Exemplos: 

1) I was too busy yesterday. (Eu estava muito ocupada ontem.)
2) He made excellent progress in his first week at his job. (Ele progrediu bastante na sua primeira semana no emprego.)
3) She understood all the details when I explained them to her. (Ela entendeu todos os detalhes quando eu os expliquei a ela.)

Exemplos com o past perfect

1) He had already bought his apartment when he got married. (Ele já havia comprado o apartamento quando se casou.)

2) The plane had already left when I arrived at the airport. (O avião jáhavia partido quando cheguei ao aeroporto.)

Nestes exemplos, fica clara a equivalência entre os particípios em português e inglês (havia comprado/havia partido). 

Resumindo, é isto. O particípio nada mais é do que uma forma verbal. 
O problema está em memorizar os particípios dos verbos irregulares, né? 
Mas, isto se dá aos poucos, à medida em que vamos estudando. 
Começamos memorizando os verbos que usamos mais e assim por diante.

http://ajudaingles.blogspot.com.br/2012/08/past-participle-bem-resumidinho.html

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List of English Irregular Verbs

UsingEnglish.com's Irregular Verbs List is one of the most comprehensive lists available. Below is our common English irregular verbs list which includes verbs and shows the infinitive, the past simple and the past participle forms.
NOTES:
  • Alternate forms are separated by a / character.
  • Click on a verb to view the definition and extended information about it including the 3rd person singular and the present participle / gerund forms.
https://www.usingenglish.com/reference/irregular-verbs/


Base FormPast SimplePast Participle

A

AbideAbode/AbidedAbode/Abided/Abidden
AlightAlit/AlightedAlit/Alighted
AriseAroseArisen
AwakeAwokeAwoken

B

BeWas/WereBeen
BearBoreBorn/Borne
BeatBeatBeaten
BecomeBecameBecome
BeginBeganBegun
BeholdBeheldBeheld
BendBentBent
BetBetBet
BidBadeBidden
BidBidBid
BindBoundBound
BiteBitBitten
BleedBledBled
BlowBlewBlown
BreakBrokeBroken
BreedBredBred
BringBroughtBrought
BroadcastBroadcast/BroadcastedBroadcast/Broadcasted
BuildBuiltBuilt
BurnBurnt/BurnedBurnt/Burned
BurstBurstBurst
BustBustBust
BuyBoughtBought

C

CastCastCast
CatchCaughtCaught
ChooseChoseChosen
ClapClapped/ClaptClapped/Clapt
ClingClungClung
ClotheClad/ClothedClad/Clothed
ComeCameCome
CostCostCost
CreepCreptCrept
CutCutCut

D

DareDared/DurstDared
DealDealtDealt
DigDugDug
DiveDived/DoveDived
DoDidDone
DrawDrewDrawn
DreamDreamt/DreamedDreamt/Dreamed
DrinkDrankDrunk
DriveDroveDriven
DwellDweltDwelt

E

EatAteEaten

F

FallFellFallen
FeedFedFed
FeelFeltFelt
FightFoughtFought
FindFoundFound
FitFit/FittedFit/Fitted
FleeFledFled
FlingFlungFlung
FlyFlewFlown
ForbidForbade/ForbadForbidden
ForecastForecast/ForecastedForecast/Forecasted
ForeseeForesawForeseen
ForetellForetoldForetold
ForgetForgotForgotten
ForgiveForgaveForgiven
ForsakeForsookForsaken
FreezeFrozeFrozen
FrostbiteFrostbitFrostbitten

G

GetGotGot/Gotten
GiveGaveGiven
GoWentGone/Been
GrindGroundGround
GrowGrewGrown

H

HandwriteHandwroteHandwritten
HangHung/HangedHung/Hanged
HaveHadHad
HearHeardHeard
HideHidHidden
HitHitHit
HoldHeldHeld
HurtHurtHurt

I

InlayInlaidInlaid
InputInput/InputtedInput/Inputted
InterlayInterlaidInterlaid

K

KeepKeptKept
KneelKnelt/KneeledKnelt/Kneeled
KnitKnit/KnittedKnit/Knitted
KnowKnewKnown

L

LayLaidLaid
LeadLedLed
LeanLeant/LeanedLeant/Leaned
LeapLeapt/LeapedLeapt/Leaped
LearnLearnt/LearnedLearnt/Learned
LeaveLeftLeft
LendLentLent
LetLetLet
LieLayLain
LightLitLit
LoseLostLost

M

MakeMadeMade
MeanMeantMeant
MeetMetMet
MeltMeltedMolten/Melted
MisleadMisledMisled
MistakeMistookMistaken
MisunderstandMisunderstoodMisunderstood
MiswedMiswed/MisweddedMiswed/Miswedded
MowMowedMown

O

OverdrawOverdrewOverdrawn
OverhearOverheardOverheard
OvertakeOvertookOvertaken

P

PayPaidPaid
PresetPresetPreset
ProveProvedProven/Proved
PutPutPut

Q

QuitQuitQuit

R

Re-proveRe-provedRe-proven/Re-proved
ReadReadRead
RidRid/RiddedRid/Ridded
RideRodeRidden
RingRangRung
RiseRoseRisen
RiveRivedRiven/Rived
RunRanRun

S

SawSawedSawn/Sawed
SaySaidSaid
SeeSawSeen
SeekSoughtSought
SellSoldSold
SendSentSent
SetSetSet
SewSewedSewn/Sewed
ShakeShookShaken
ShaveShavedShaven/Shaved
ShearShore/ShearedShorn/Sheared
ShedShedShed
ShineShoneShone
ShoeShodShod
ShootShotShot
ShowShowedShown
ShrinkShrankShrunk
ShutShutShut
SingSangSung
SinkSankSunk
SitSatSat
SlaySlewSlain
SleepSleptSlept
SlideSlidSlid/Slidden
SlingSlungSlung
SlinkSlunkSlunk
SlitSlitSlit
SmellSmelt/SmelledSmelt/Smelled
SneakSneaked/SnuckSneaked/Snuck
SoothsaySoothsaidSoothsaid
SowSowedSown
SpeakSpokeSpoken
SpeedSped/SpeededSped/Speeded
SpellSpelt/SpelledSpelt/Spelled
SpendSpentSpent
SpillSpilt/SpilledSpilt/Spilled
SpinSpan/SpunSpun
SpitSpat/SpitSpat/Spit
SplitSplitSplit
SpoilSpoilt/SpoiledSpoilt/Spoiled
SpreadSpreadSpread
SpringSprangSprung
StandStoodStood
StealStoleStolen
StickStuckStuck
StingStungStung
StinkStankStunk
StrideStrode/StridedStridden
StrikeStruckStruck/Stricken
StringStrungStrung
StripStript/StrippedStript/Stripped
StriveStroveStriven
SubletSubletSublet
SunburnSunburned/SunburntSunburned/Sunburnt
SwearSworeSworn
SweatSweat/SweatedSweat/Sweated
SweepSwept/SweepedSwept/Sweeped
SwellSwelledSwollen
SwimSwamSwum
SwingSwungSwung

T

TakeTookTaken
TeachTaughtTaught
TearToreTorn
TellToldTold
ThinkThoughtThought
ThriveThrove/ThrivedThriven/Thrived
ThrowThrewThrown
ThrustThrustThrust
TreadTrodTrodden

U

UndergoUnderwentUndergone
UnderstandUnderstoodUnderstood
UndertakeUndertookUndertaken
UpsellUpsoldUpsold
UpsetUpsetUpset

V

VexVext/VexedVext/Vexed

W

WakeWokeWoken
WearWoreWorn
WeaveWoveWoven
WedWed/WeddedWed/Wedded
WeepWeptWept
WendWended/WentWended/Went
WetWet/WettedWet/Wetted
WinWonWon
WindWoundWound
WithdrawWithdrewWithdrawn
WithholdWithheldWithheld
WithstandWithstoodWithstood
WringWrungWrung
WriteWroteWritten

Z

ZincZinced/ZinckedZinced/Zincked

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